Electoral System

This page provides information about the electoral system.

How does the electoral process work?

Elections for all local authorities (councils) throughout New Zealand are held every three years and are conducted by postal vote.  Electronic Voting is not available.

The local government elections will be conducted under the provisions of the Local Electoral Act 2001, the Local Electoral Regulations 2001, the LGA 2002 and the New Zealand Public Health and Disability Act 2000 and their amendments. Most local government elections are conducted using the “First Past the Post” system (FPP) so the candidate with the highest number of votes wins. This year six councils, and all 20 district health boards, will use the Single Transferable Voting system (STV).

Current Electoral System

Porirua City currently uses the Single Transferable Voting system (STV).

How STV works

The STV system works by electors ranking candidates in order of preference. The number of votes required for a candidate to be elected (called the quota) depends on the number of positions to be filled and the number of valid votes. The necessary number of candidates to fill all vacancies is achieved first by the counting of first preferences then by a transfer of a proportion of votes received by any candidate where the number of votes for that candidate is in excess of the quota, and then by the exclusion of the lowest polling candidates and the transfer of these votes in accordance with voters’ second preferences.

The other option permitted under the Local Electoral Act 2001 is the first past the post electoral system. Electors vote by indicating their preferred candidate(s), and the candidate(s) that receives the most votes is declared the winner regardless of the proportion of votes that candidate(s) obtained.

Who runs the elections?

Your council has an electoral officer to run the election. This person is an independent contractor working on behalf of the council to conduct its election. Neither sitting elected members, nor anyone standing for election, can be an electoral officer. The electoral officer is an independent statutory officer for the purpose of running the election and cannot be directed by council management or elected members. This ensures the integrity of the electoral process.

Link to more election information