Reserve Classification Types

This page describes the types (classifications) of reserves in Porirua.

What is Classification?

Classification is a mandatory process under the Reserves Act which involves assigning a reserve (or the parts of a reserve) to the appropriate class. The class determines the primary purpose of the reserve.

When classifying reserves it is important to consider:

  • the present values of the reserve
  • the future potential values and
  • the possible future uses and activities on the reserve.

Here are the types of reserves in Porirua.

Local Purpose Reserves

Purpose (s.23 Reserves Act) An area of land (or land and water) suitable for a specified local educational or community purpose which does not duplicate any other reserve purpose.
Objectives of Management (s.23)

Primary

  • Determined by the purpose
  • Prohibit access to the whole or any part of the reserve except by permit where appropriate

Secondary

  • Manage and protect scenic, historic, archaeological, biological or natural features
  • Maintain value as a soil, water, and forest conservation area
Guidance for Selection Depends on purpose (but generally very small, modified areas)

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Historic Reserve

Purpose (s.18 Reserves Act) An area of land (or land and water) possessing places, objects and natural features as are of historic, archaeological, cultural, educational and other special interest.
Objectives of Management (s.18)

Primary

  • Manage structures, objects and sites to illustrate with integrity the history of New Zealand
  • Allow the public freedom of entry and access subject to such conditions and restrictions as are necessary for the protection and general well being of the reserve and for the protection and control of the public using it.
  • As appropriate, preserve the indigenous flora and fauna and natural environment as far as possible

Secondary - if applicable

  • Manage and protect scenic, archaeological, geological, biological, or other scientific features, or indigenous flora and fauna, or wildlife
  • Maintain value as a soil, water, and forest conservation area
Guidance for Selection
  • Area should be sufficiently large to preserve all the significant historic or archaeological features associated with the place, object or natural feature
  • Area should include sufficient additional land as a buffer against incompatible development or as unobtrusive sites for necessary services for management and public use
  • The primary value should be traditional, historic or archaeological - through an association with major events, or Maori tradition
  • Area should have immediate interest to the visitor, or be important as a key for continuing research and interpretation of New Zealand history

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Recreation Reserve

Purpose (s.17 Reserves Act) An area of land (or land and water) possessing open space, and outdoor recreational values especially suitable for recreation and sporting activities and the physical welfare and enjoyment of the public, and for the protection of the natural environment and beauty of the countryside, including recreational tracks in the countryside.
Objectives of Management (s.17)

Primary

  • Allow the public freedom of entry and access subject to such conditions as are necessary for the protection and well-being of the reserve and for the protection and control of the public using it
  • Conserve those qualities which contribute to the pleasantness, harmony and cohesion of the natural environment and to the better use and enjoyment of the reserve

Secondary

  • Manage and protect scenic, historic, archaeological, biological, geological or other scientific features or indigenous flora or fauna or wildlife
  • Maintain value as a soil, water and forest conservation area
Guidance for Selection
  • Area may be totally modified eg suitable for sports fields
  • Area may be in a partly natural conditions eg suitable for picnic or camp sites or like development
  • Area may be lineal eg suitable for recreational walking and/or vehicle use

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Scenic Reserve (A)

Purpose (s.19(1)(a) Reserves Act) Area of land (or land and water) possessing significant qualities of scenic interest or beauty or significant features or landscapes.
Objectives of Management (s.19)

Primary

  • Manage for their intrinsic worth and for the benefit, enjoyment and use of the public
  • Preserve indigenous flora and fauna, biological associations and the natural environment as far as possible
  • Exterminate exotic flora and fauna as far as possible
  • Allow the public freedom of entry and access subject to conditions and restrictions necessary for the protection and well-being of the reserve and for the protection and control of the public using it

Secondary - if applicable

  • Develop open portions for amenities and facilities where these are necessary to enable the public to obtain benefit and enjoyment from the reserve
  • Manage and protect historic, archaeological, geological, biological, or other scientific features
Guidance for Selection
  • Area should contain one or more natural or associated cultural or heritage features of special significance, or natural landscape of high scenic quality
  • Area should be large enough to protect the integrity of the features and its immediately related surroundings

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Scenic Reserve (B) (Modified)

Purpose (s.19(1)(b)) A suitable area of land (or land and water) which by development and the introduction of flora, whether indigenous or exotic, will become of significant scenic interest or beauty.
Objectives of Management (s.19)

Primary

  • As appropriate to the purpose, preserve the indigenous flora and fauna, biological associations, and natural environment and beauty as far as possible
  • As appropriate, exterminate exotic fauna and (to be extent consistent with purpose) exotic flora as far as possible; allow the public freedom of entry and access subject to conditions and restrictions necessary for the protection and well-being of the reserve and for the protection and control of the public using it

Secondary

  • Develop open portions for amenities and facilities where these are necessary to enable the public to obtain benefit and enjoyment from the reserve
  • Manage and protect historic, archaeological, geological, biological or other scientific features
  • Maintain value as a soil, water and forest conservation area
Guidance for Selection
  • Degraded natural or semi-natural areas where the public interest warrants restoration or conversion as a scenic attraction
  • Area will generally be small

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Scientific Reserve

Purpose (s21) An area of land (or land and water) possessing ecological associations, plant or animal communities, types of soil, geomorphological phenomena, and like matters of special interest for scientific study, research, education and the benefit of the country.
Objectives of Management (s.21)

Primary

  • Preserve the indigenous flora and fauna, as far as possible
  • Where appropriate manipulate the reserve (or part of it) for experimental purposes or to gain further scientific knowledge
  • Where appropriate prohibit general access to the whole of part of the area and permit persons with the necessary credentials or qualifications to enter for scientific study or for control and management purposes (s.59)

Secondary

  • Manage and protect scenic, historic, archaeological, biological or natural features
  • Maintain value as a soil, water, and forest conservation area
Guidance for Selection
  • Area should be at least two-thirds in a natural condition, although it may contain limited areas of modified ecosystems
  • Area should be large enough to absorb sustainable scientific and related uses without detriment to its overall long term natural values
  • Area should possess features of special interest for scientific study, research, education and like uses

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